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  1. Adherents of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Canada traditionally belong to several ethnic communities and ecclesiastical jurisdictions (canonical and noncanonical). According to official 2011 census data, Greek Orthodox community constitutes the largest Eastern Orthodox community in Canada, with 220,255 adherents. It is followed by other communities: Russian Orthodox (25,245), Ukrainian Orthodox (23,845), Serbian Orthodox (22,780), Romanian Orthodox (7,090), Macedonian Orthodox (4,945), Bulgarian Orthodox (1,765), Antiochian Orthodox (1,220) and several other minor communities within the sco
  2. This is a list of major churches within the United States which are not in communion with the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States of America, and are therefore not recognized as canonical by the worldwide Orthodox Church. However, these groups regard themselves as canonical, and may or may not recognize other churches as canonical. Jurisdiction Adherents Regular Attendees Attendees as % of adherents Bishops Monasteries Parishes Average Parish Size Total
  3. This is a list of all canonical Eastern Orthodox Churches in the United States. They all form the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States of America. These churches are in full communion with one another, and are all officially recognized by one another. The Orthodox Church in America is regarded as canonical and is in full communion with all the other groups, but its self-governance is questioned. There may be as many as seven million people in the United States who self-identify as Orthodox due to ethnicity or being baptized as children. They may also be married in t
  4. Today there are many Orthodox churches in the United States and Canada that are still bound to the Ecumenical or Antiochian patriarchates, or other overseas jurisdictions; in some cases these different overseas jurisdictions will have churches in the same U.S. city. However, there are also many "pan-orthodox" activities and organizations, both formal and informal, among Orthodox believers of all jurisdictions. One such organization is the Assembly of Canonical Orthodox Bishops of the United States of America (successor to SCOBA), which comprises North American Orthodox bishops from nearly all
  5. A group of bishops who had left their sees in Russia gathered in Sremski-Karlovci, Yugoslavia, and adopted a clearly political monarchist stand. The group further claimed to speak as a synod for the entire "free" Russian church. This group, which to this day includes a sizable portion of the Russian emigration, was formally dissolved in 1922 by Patriarch Tikhon, who then appointed metropolitans Platon and Evlogy as ruling bishops in America and Europe, respectively. Both of these metropolitans continued to entertain relations intermittently with the synod in Karlovci, but neither of them accep
  6. One of the effects of the persecution and administrative chaos wreaked on the Russian Orthodox Church by the Bolshevik Revolution was a flood of refugees from Russia to the United States, Canada, and Europe. The Revolution of 1917 severed large sections of the Russian church—dioceses in America, Japan, and Manchuria, as well as refugees in Europe—from regular contact with the mother church. In 1920 Patriarch Tikhon issued an ukase (decree) that dioceses of the Church of Russia that were cut off from the governance of the highest Church authority (i.e. the Patriarch) should continue independent
  7. It was moved again in the last part of the same century, this time to New York. This transfer coincided with a great movement of Eastern Catholics to the Eastern Orthodox Church in the eastern United States. This movement, which increased the numbers of Eastern Orthodox Christians in America, resulted from a conflict between John Ireland, the politically powerful Roman Catholic Archbishop of Saint Paul, Minnesota; and Alexis Toth, an influential Ruthenian Catholic priest. Archbishop Ireland's refusal to accept Fr. Toth's credentials as a priest induced Fr. Toth to return to the Eastern Orthodo
  8. Russian traders settled in Alaska during the 18th century. In 1740, a Divine Liturgy was celebrated on board a Russian ship off the Alaskan coast. In 1794, the Russian Orthodox Church sent missionaries—among them Saint Herman of Alaska – to establish a formal mission in Alaska. Their missionary endeavors contributed to the conversion of many Alaskan natives to the Orthodox faith. A diocese was established, whose first bishop was Saint Innocent of Alaska. The headquarters of this North American Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church was moved from Alaska to California around the mid-19th centur
  9. Eastern Orthodoxy in North America represents adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in North America, including the United States, Canada, Mexico and other North American states. Estimates of the number of Eastern Orthodox adherents in North America vary considerably depending on methodology (as well as the definition of the term "adherent") and generally fall in range from 3 million to 6 million. Most Eastern Orthodox Christians in North America are Russian Americans, Greek Americans, Arab Americans, Ukrainian Americans, Albanian Ame
  10. The PCA (Presbyterian Church in America) and PCUSA (Presbyterian Church U.S.A.) differ on a few topics, including the PCUSA’s Book of Confessions and the PCA’s Westminster Confession of Faith. The PSCUSA is affiliated with several seminaries in the U.S., while the PCA only affiliates with the Covenant Theological Seminiary. The PCA and PCUSA also differ on divorce, with the PCA teaching that divorce is a sin except in cases of adultery or desertion. The PCUSA teaches no-fault divorce. According to a report from the PCUSA, there are some 9,450 Presbyterian churches under its umbrella. Its
  11. In the PCUSA (Presbyterian Church U.S.A.), Presbyterian ministers, or teaching elders, must be members of a church and have been active in that church for at least six months before applying for candidacy. A presbytery helps determine the candidate’s specific ministry. After that, an inquiry period follows where the session and presbytery committee discuss the candidate’s request. When the presbytery agrees for ordination, the candidate can then undergo the next phase of preparation under the presbytery’s oversight committee. Candidates must have a college undergraduate degree and a semin
  12. Following the doctrine of Calvin, predestination says eternal life by salvation is foreordained for some, and eternal damnation is foreordained for others, according to the Presbyterian Church USA. There are some divisions about just how strict this doctrine is, as many have begun to say that God would not condemn people to eternal death. Recently, the issue has become complicated in theological interpretations. What Presbyterians who believe in predestination say is that the doctrine of predestination shows how much of a gift salvation is from God.“God cares about everything God has crea
  13. Most Presbyterian churches only hold two sacraments: baptism and the Lord’s Supper. They believe God instituted these two sacraments and that they are a sign of the power of Christ. “Through the Sacraments, God seals believers in redemption, renews their identity as the people of God, and marks them for service,” according to the Presbyterian Mission. These sacraments connect the church to Christ in that baptism allows for believers to “gain a new identity as followers of Jesus” and communion allows for the “Spirit’s presence in the gifts of bread and cup.” Presbyterians refer to the Lord
  14. In many Presbyterian churches, elders are chosen from among the congregation or elected. “Ruling elders are so named not because they ‘lord it over’ the congregation, but because they are chosen by the congregation to discern,” says the Presbyterian Book of Order, which guides the structure of the church. Among its own constitution and beliefs, many Presbyterian churches opt to vote for changes. In the Presbyterian Church USA, the church voted in 2015 to allow gay and lesbian weddings within the church. In 2014, the church had voted to allow clergy to perform same-sex weddings. In re
  15. Presbyterians believe in a sovereign God and in worshipping him. They also believe in the Bible and in using its word to serve as an “authoritative guide” for what to believe, according to the Central Presbyterian Church in Athens, Georgia. According to the Presbyterian Church USA, salvation comes through grace and “no one is good enough” for salvation. “Despite our failure, God decided to save us through the incarnation, death and resurrection of Jesus,” James Ayers wrote for Presbyterians Today. Also, the Presbyterian church believes evangelism is part of God’s mission. Sharing God
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