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  1. Among the early leaders of the Seventh Day Adventist church was Ellen White, whose writings stemmed from her gift of prophecy. Some of White’s writings are practical and deal with the topic, such as teaching girls to harness and drive a horse, but Seventh Day Adventists say many of her other teachings still apply today. Her most known work was called “Steps to Christ,” where she answered questions on how to deal with doubt and also understanding the difference between grace and law. It’s been hailed as giving a practical approach to Christianity. For example, she writes, “Prayer is the op
  2. Seventh Day Adventists believe that there is a sanctuary in heaven set up by God. There, Christ ministers on our behalf. In the first phase of this, called the ascension, Jesus became High Priest of this sanctuary. In 1844 at the end of a prophetic period of 2,300 days, Jesus entered the second phase of his atoning ministry. During this phase, Jesus’ work at the heavenly sanctuary is on eradicating all sin. A judgment also reveals who among the dead are asleep in Christ and are then worthy to take part in the resurrection of Christ. Those who are living in Christ when this happens are abl
  3. Seventh Day Adventists believe that the Sabbath begins at the end of the sixth day, which is considered Friday and lasts one day, which is Saturday. The Sabbath “protects man’s friendship with God and provides time essential for the development of that relationship.” For that reason, on the Sabbath, there can be no secular labor, including any household tasks. Members are asked to “greet the Sabbath with the tranquility of mind.” Worship services are held on the Sabbath for the church for both worship and fellowship. Other rules for the Sabbath include avoiding weddings and funerals; howe
  4. The document that Seventh Day Adventists ascribe to is the 28 Fundamental Beliefs, which discuss the teachings of “Holy Scriptures.” They are categorized as doctrines of God, man, salvation, church, Christian life and end day events. The beliefs about God are: the Bible as the Word of God; the Trinity as a unity of God, the Father and the Son; the Father as the creator; the Son as the God incarnate; the Holy Spirit as an inspiration for the scriptures. Other beliefs are that God created the world in six days; humans are fallen; the conflict between Christ and Satan is a “great contro
  5. During a time of religious revival in the northeastern United States, many religious movements began, including early Seventh Day Adventists. It was during the Second Great Awakening that preacher William Miller predicted Christ’s return on October 22, 1844. When he was wrong (called the Great Disappointment), his following of Millerites split into several groups, including what would become modern Seventh Day Adventists, who said the date was correct, but that on that date, Jesus had begun the last phase of his atoning ministry in the “sanctuary in heaven.” The few hundreds of Seventh Da
  6. Brigham Young, the second president of the LDS church after Joseph Smith, headquartered the LDS church in Salt Lake City, Utah. He is credited with helping to make the church’s community in the Utah area as self-sufficient with local manufacture of goods that would otherwise need to be imported from the east. He, himself, practiced polygamy and was even tried for it, but not convicted. According to the LDS, he was sometimes called the “American Moses” for leading some 60,000 to 70,000 people to the uncivilized west. “This is the right place,” he is credited with saying after he looked out
  7. Many offshoots of the LDS church are fundamentalist churches, where polygamy is practiced. The LDS church does not believe in this practice. In the early church, Joseph Smith taught of plural marriage, but in 1890 the practice was rebuffed and then banned. The group that does practice polygamy is the FLDS church and other fundamentalist branches. The FLDS broke away from the LDS over the issue of polygamy, believing that plural marriage is a commandment from God. Warren Jeffs, who was convicted for sexual assault of two girls, was the leader of this movement. Some reports say he
  8. The LDS church believes in a “spirit world” after death. President Brigham Young taught that after people die, our spirits stay on earth, waiting, working, and learning until resurrection. All spirits are in adult form, even if someone died as an infant. Righteous spirits experience a “paradise” of happiness, rest, and peace. Those who have not heard the gospel of Jesus, meanwhile, will experience a “spirit prison.” In this state, they may still accept the gospel and ordinances and leave the prison and go to paradise. Those who rejected the gospel will suffer “in a condition known as hell
  9. The dietary code of Mormons is called the Word of Wisdom. It advises avoiding coffee, tea, alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs. Believers are encouraged to eat proper portions of food and not waste or overindulge. Following this will lead to “mental, emotional and spiritual health,” according to the LDS church. Caffeine is not specifically mentioned in restricted items, but the Word of Wisdom advises caffeine can “inflict much harm to a person, often in subtle ways.” The Word of Wisdom also includes advice on respecting your body, such as avoiding tattoos and body piercing (except for
  10. Many believing LDS members wear a garment under their clothing that “has deep religious significance,” which they say is akin to a priest’s robe or a nun’s habit. The clothes are designed to be modest underclothing and come in two pieces. It’s called the “temple garment.” According to the LDS site, the garments are sometimes erroneously called “magic underwear.” The name is incorrect and offensive, the site says. The garments are meant to show a promise of fidelity to God’s commandments and the gospel of Jesus. Worn under clothing, it represents “the sacred and personal aspect of their re
  11. Next to the bible, the LDS church believes in the Book of Mormon. Mormon prophets who lived from 600 BC to AD 400 wrote the book. As we touched on above, the Prophet Joseph Smith translated the ancient book by what he called a revelation from God. It has since been translated into more than 80 languages and more than 150 million copies have been printed. According to the book, Christ established his church in the “Old World,” or ancient America. People lived in unity for nearly 200 years after Jesus. Later, people abandoned Christ’s teachings and a war of extermination occurred. The
  12. A common misconception is that all Mormons are part of the LDS church. The LDS church is the main group with its roots with Joseph Smith. Another group of Mormons that are not affiliated with the official LDS church is the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This sect came to media attention with the conviction of church leader Warren Jeffs. The FLDS do practice polygamy, which was suspended by the LDS church in 1890. Another different offshoot of Mormonism is the Apostolic United Brethren, which has members in many states. This group came about when their leader,
  13. The LDS church believes Jesus is the Son of God and that he was the fulfillment of prophecies in the Old Testament. They also believe in Jesus’ life and ministry as described in the four gospels. They also believe in the virgin birth. Mormonism is sometimes not considered a form of Christianity, but the LDS church has maintained that they are not heretics and believe in Jesus. However, the church does believe that the trinity is made up of three separate entities, unlike historic Christianity, which said God is all three. Also, Mormonism says that Jesus was the virgin firstborn Son of God
  14. Mormonism is the theology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Members of the church are often called Mormons. The term was originally considered derogatory, but today it is considered acceptable. However, the LDS church has explained that the word Mormon is sometimes used to describe other splinter groups that are not affiliated with the Church of Latter-day Saints, such as polygamist groups. Mormonism is marked by several “saving ordinances,” or what other religions may call “sacraments.” These ordinances include baptism by immersion, confirmation, receiving the gift of t
  15. Reports indicate that at 14 years old, Joseph Smith was “confused about religion” and went to the woods to pray. In 1823, Joseph Smith said the angel Moroni visited him. The angel told him about an ancient record that detailed God’s work with the former inhabitants of America. Smith said he found those records and translated them into what would become the Book of Mormon. In 1830, he organized the first Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and became its first president. He is believed by the church to be a prophet. He is credited with establishing thriving cities in Ohio, Illinois
  16. The British Orthodox Church, formerly known as the Orthodox Church of the British Isles, is a small independent Oriental Orthodox church defining its mission to the people of the British Isles. It has not been in communion with any of the Oriental Orthodox churches since a 2015 decision to return to an independent status. The present British Orthodox Church derives from the consecration of a French former Dominican priest Jules Ferrette (1828-1904), who in the year 1866 was consecrated as Bishop of Iona by the Syriac Orthodox Church's Bishop of Emesa Boutros ibn Salmo Mesko (1799-1894) wi
  17. Given that past literature on the topic suggests that religion has a notable influence on adherents’ family formation practices and that religion is associated with more traditional attitudes and family formation structures, going forward it will be particularly important to assess what specific qualities of religious factors contribute to the noted consistencies between adherents’ beliefs and behavior. For instance, in the case of Eggebeen and Dew’s finding about the religious factors that point to the different cohabitation rates between Catholics and Conservative Protestants (see above), wh
  18. Decision making about sexual practices and family formation has become complex for those who identify with counter-cultural and sub-cultural groups (or who simply ascribe to traditional views about sexuality and family life). The widening gap between modern and traditional family norms and values has created an internal dissonance between societal and group specific beliefs about many aspects of sex, marriage, and family. The majority of the world’s population, however, still identifies with a religious group and 80 percent of young adults hold marriage to be an important part of their li
  19. From the earliest days of the Christian faith, Christians have honored marriage as a divinely blessed, lifelong, monogamous union, historically limited to a man and a woman. According to the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer, reflecting the traditional view, "Christian marriage is a solemn and public covenant between a man and a woman in the presence of God." However, while many Christians might agree with that basic statement, the terminology and theological views of marriage have varied through time in different countries, and among Christian denominations. Many Protestants consider marri
  20. Christian funerals are important because they show respect for the dead. They also give the family and friends of the deceased time to mourn and show their grief. Christians are sometimes buried and sometimes cremated. If they are buried, the priest will say words from the Bible to reflect that God created humans from the dust of the Earth in the book of Genesis, and that they are now returning to the Earth. Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust. 1928 Book of Common Prayer Anglican funeral services will involve readings, hymns and prayers, and a eulogy, which is a speech
  21. Many Christians believe that the commandment to honour your father and your mother means you should help them if they are elderly and in need. This is supported in some New Testament texts: The Church should care for any widow who has no one else to care for her. But if she has children or grandchildren, their first responsibility is to show godliness at home and repay their parents by taking care of them. This is something that pleases God very much. 1 Timothy 5:3-4 Christians are urged to: support the elderly, who are vulnerable and should be respected allow the elderly to k
  22. Many Christians believe that marriage is the foundation of family life. It is a sacrament and is intended as a lifelong commitment. It is intended that marriage will bring children into the world and that they will be brought up in a Christian family. Some of the main features of a Christian wedding ceremony are: Bible readings on the nature of Christian marriage. An exchange of vows. The exchange of rings, to symbolise the eternal nature of marriage. Prayers asking for God's blessing on the couple. bbc.co.uk
  23. Baptism is the sign that someone belongs to Christ, which is why it is sometimes known as a christening. In the Church of England a baptism shows that the child is a member of the Church family but if parents believe the child should make their own promise, they can have a 'Service of Thanksgiving'. Some denominations, eg Baptists, celebrate with a dedication service, not involving the baptism of the baby's head with water. Adult commitment ceremonies Some Churches do not baptise people until they are old enough to make the promise to follow Jesus Christ for themselves. This baptis
  24. Christian parents play a significant role in the process of spiritual development of children. They have the opportunity to develop a Christian worldview in the child. This can be achieved in different ways. These include: teaching their children to pray taking their children to church sending their children to a church school or Sunday school encouraging their children to be baptised or confirmed These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie
  25. Christianity teaches that children should treat their parents with honour and respect. They should consider their parents' wishes and be obedient. Many Christians believe that children are a gift from God, and that parents have responsibilities towards them that include: caring for them properly teaching them how to live and to accept authority teaching them about God taking them to be baptised and promising to bring them up in a loving home Children, obey your parents...Parents, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the instruction of the Lord. Ephesi
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